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 LESSON 6 - The Weekend / Japanese Writing

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MensagemAssunto: LESSON 6 - The Weekend / Japanese Writing   Sab Dez 01, 2007 2:16 pm

*Peço Desculpa Não Ter Traduzido(X.X)*

Today, before you learn a dialogue, you are going to learn how to write Japanese characters. There are three Japanese writing systems:

1. Kanji: Characters imported from China long ago, each conveying an idea, usually having two readings. A set of more than 7,000 ideographic characters used to represent concrete concepts such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.

2. Hiragana: A phoenetic alphabet, or syllabary (a set of characters, where each character represents a syllable) used to represent particles in sentences, verb inflexions (this usage is called okurigana), and other words not written in kanji. Another use is to write them above Japanese text to indicate the pronunciation of Kanji (this usage is called furigana).

3. Katakana: Another phonetic alphabet or syllabary used primarily for foreign names or places and words of foreign origin. Katakana are written using straight lines.
Besides these three writing systems, Japanese is sometimes written in Roman letters called roomaji. The three systems of writing above are used together (mixed) in written Japanese.

***=Diálogo=***

ようた: メアリー さん、こんど の しゅうまつ なに を します か。
Mary, what will you do this weekend?
メアリー: かいもの に いきます。
I'm going shopping.
ようた: どこ へ いきます か。
Where will you go (shopping)?
メアリー: しんじゅく へ いきます。
I will go to Shinjuku.
ようた: なに を かいます か。
What will you buy?
メアリー: まだ わかりません が、たぶん ようふく を かいます。
I don't know yet, but perhaps I will buy some clothes.
メアリー: すずきさん は なに を しますか。
Mr. Suzuki, what will you do?
ようた: うち で べんきょう します。
I will study at home.
メアリー: どう して です か。
Why?
ようた: げつようび に しけん が あります から。
I have a test on Monday.
メアリー: なん の しけん です か。
What kind of test?
ようた: けいざい です。
An economics test.
メアリー: そう です か。がんばって ください。
Oh really? Good luck.



***=Vocabulário=***

こんど this(the upcoming)
しゅうまつ weekend
します to do
かいもの shopping
いきます to go
に to; at; on
へ to
しんじゅく Shinjuku
かいます to buy
まだ yet
たぶん perhaps
ようふく Western-style clothes
うち house (speaker's)
で at
うち で at my house
べんきょう します to study
どうして why
げつようび Monday
しけん test, exam
が あります to have
から because of (preceding sentence)
けいざい economics
がんばって ください Good Luck

***=Gramática=***

1. メアリー さん、こんど の しゅうまつ なに を します か。


This sentence means "Mary, what will you do this (coming) weekend?" こんど is the equivalent of "this" or "this coming" in English, referring to the present or something which will occur soon.

Examples: ウォーターマン さん、こんど の どうようび なに を します か。
(Mr. Waterman, what will you do this [coming] Saturday?)



します (Shimasu) is a verb meaning "to do." It is a semi-formal form and is used in everyday life. All Japanese verbs have semi-formal forms. (non-past affirmative, non-past negative, past affirmative, past negative)

non-past past

affirmative negative affirmative negative
to do します しません しました しませんでした
to go いきます いきません いきました いきませんでした
to buy かいます かいません かいました かいませんでした
Understand わかります わかりません わかりました わかりませんでした
to studyべんきょうします べんきょうしません べんきょうしました べんきょうしませんでした
to have あります ありません ありました ありませんでした



Examples: どこ へ いきます か。
(Where are you going?)
どこ へ いきました か。
(Where did you go?)
とうきょう へ いきました。
(I went to Tokyo.)
ようふく を かいました か。
(Did you but clothes?)
いいえ、かいませんでした。
(No, I did not [buy any clothes].)

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MensagemAssunto: Re: LESSON 6 - The Weekend / Japanese Writing   Sab Dez 01, 2007 4:02 pm

ESTAREI A VER BEM? O.O

HELL YEAH!!!!!!!!

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Kankenai darou, Me ga ayatsu da, Minna goroshi da...
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MensagemAssunto: Re: LESSON 6 - The Weekend / Japanese Writing   Sab Dez 01, 2007 4:43 pm

Eh lá esta lição agradou-me já tem tudo em hiragana :O

No problem with the translation depois faz-se isso ^^

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